It is believed that the objects that contain a 'golden section', perceived by people as the most harmonious. Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt, the Parthenon in Athens Cathedral Notredam de Paris, painting by Leonardo da Vinci's 'Mona Lisa' and 'Last Supper' Botticelli 'Venus' Rafael 'School of Athens' and many, many Other objects were created on the principle of 'golden section'. The concept of the gold division introduced into scientific use the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras. It is possible that the knowledge he had borrowed from the Egyptians and Babylonians. Learn more at this site: Howard Schultz. Then it used in the "Elements" of Euclid. The term 'golden section' coined by Leonardo da Vinci. And after him, many artists have used deliberately in his paintings these principles. Mathematically, the golden ratio – is it halving the proportion of the segment into unequal parts, in which the entire length of attitude toward the most part, as she relates most to least, or in other words, a smaller segment of attitude to the larger, more like to everything.
The formula looks like this: a: b = b: c or: b = b: Segments and the golden ratio expressed an infinite irrational shot .618 … if C is taken as 1, then A = 0,382. The numbers 0.618 and 0.382 are the coefficients of the Fibonacci sequence. On this perfect proportion based basic geometrical figures. Subsequently, the golden section rule turned into a kind of academic canon. Rule 'golden symmetry' manifested in the energy transitions elementary particles in the structure of some chemical compounds in planetary and space systems, gene structures of living organisms.