In the recent natural disasters in Colombia, for example, the from gunsmith, Popayan and the coffee not to mention but three, has been able to demonstrate a true chaos with respect to what you should do, and made repeated mistakes that despite knowing it have not been corrected. The State was inefficient, both on the issue of prevention and care. Most basic and important to face a disaster after an earthquake is to have a guide of instructions and rules of what should be done. Not having a guide is to give blind rosewood and improvise in matters as serious as the viada and death. Guide to attend a disaster should be related with personnel, supplies, technical support, administrative support and all the Affairs of Government. To make the calculations of needs and obtain the best results in the care of a disaster, it is advisable to advance the assessments of risks and socio-economic implications of the aftermath that leaves an earthquake.
So concludes of national and international experiences. Children and elderly people are usually the most affected in a disaster, because they are those who have lower defense capability. During the scramble for donations, you rations, tents and vituallas in general, is difficult to do long lines because of their physical conditions and therefore, it is important to reach the ammunition sites enabled as shelters or temporary housing. After a disaster, if to the affected persons not it helps them to get a job or to reactivate their businesses, they become accustomed that keep them, becoming beggars in the long term. The economic activity of the region or the affected site must reactivated so that it return to its normal state and are inserted into the national economy. The destructive earthquakes of Bogota during the past five hundred years occurred in the Cordillera Oriental, on the limits the Magdalena river and the Llanero foothills.