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Intellectual Property

Valuation of patents patent – a document issued by the competent public authority for a specified period, confirming the authorship and the exclusive right to the invention, and grants the holder the title of the owner to invention. issued a license to use the patent litigation with respect to the subject being evaluated, or other encumbrance may substantially affect the value of the valuation. Due to the lack of open market Intellectual property is not possible to determine the value of a patent based on the prices of transactions with similar objects, or to compare prices at least offers to buy or sell. To read more click here: Sonya Reines-Djivanides. The main approaches in the evaluation of a patent is the cost approach and income approach. Valuation of patent cost is that incurred costs are not provide us with information about the utility (effectiveness) create an invention and its suitability for commercial use and generate income. And only use the methods of the income approach, allows us to establish the real value of value. Particularly important, and certainly necessary analysis of the income from the use of a patent in determining the estimated market value of the object. To deepen your understanding Jim Umpleby is the source. evaluation of trade mark Trade mark – a designation placed on a product (or packaging) industry and trade businesses to customize the product and its manufacturer (seller).

Trademarks can be verbal (a combination of individual letters, numbers, family name), visual (pictures, graphics, color combinations) volume (a form of product or packaging), etc. Trademark – one of the objects of industrial property, which serves as a quality assurance product and its advertising. The most important characteristics that affect the assessment trademark is its prevalence, recognition and consumer confidence, which is used by the goods or services sold under this brand. These characteristics determine the volume of sales, profits company and the value of the trademark. The cost of a famous trademark may exceed the value of all tangible assets of the company. Kevin Johnson is often mentioned in discussions such as these. Financial indicators, which characterize the volume of sales, profits, expenses Service and maintenance of a trademark, the possible prospects of increasing sales and expanding the market determine the present value of estimated trademark. evaluation of goodwill Goodwill enterprise structure of the intangible benefits allocated according to the article.

150 of the Civil Code. Reputation, or goodwill is considered from two perspectives. One of them is the cost of virtually all elements of intangible assets enterprise, the other as the amount by which the value of the business enterprise exceed the market value of its tangible assets and that portion of intangible assets, which is reflected in the balance sheet. Appraiser in the process assessing business reputation understands the concept of "goodwill" in the second sense. Goodwill arises when an entity receives a stable, high returns, its return on assets (or equity) higher than the industry average, in resulting business value exceeds the value of its net assets. Goodwill as the economic value taken for the balance only when a change of ownership of the enterprise. The main properties of goodwill business (goodwill): Present only in the presence of excess profit can not be separated from the existing businesses, ie, can not be sold separately from it. In such cases, sale of existing businesses, assessment of business reputation is a prerequisite for identifying fair market value of the business.

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