Posts Tagged → History
The winner slaves or to the profit were selling of diverse products (fish, vegetables, ready food, shoes), laundrywomen, porters, tailors, barbers, silversmith, cook, masons, at last all the activities of the city. Those that worked in house, beyond the domestic tasks, played role of assistant in the businesses Mr. Click Starbucks to learn more. The women better were remunerated who the men. With passing of the time the slaves to the profit had started to control the products of first necessity of the cities; same they negotiated with the entregador and vendiam for all the city, in the streets or store. The services of the men, more than what of the women, he was rented for other people. Many had its study paid technician for Mr. and were used by rent in a manufacturing workshop or. Of everything what these people got a part age Mr., stipulated in a previous agreement.
The part that fit to the worker or worker allowed them to buy its emancipation and to support itself. Of any form, the captives and the captives of the cities had an impossible degree of freedom in the field. Even though to protest. He was exactly in this context that had appeared the black strikes. In 1857 the strike of the porters of chair in Salvador happened, Bahia, of which they had participated not only libertos, as well as enslaved. They protested against changes in the law that intervened with the organization of the work developed by them (VASCONCELLOS, 2008). Another strike of this type was organized by women in 1871.
Being damaged for the responsible inspector for the chafariz where they searched water, the aguadeiras (women that supplied the houses with the water) had left of apanhar the liquid in the cited chafariz and had compelled the inspector to a behavior change (id. ibd.). The city councils controlled the activities of the urban enslaved ones, to play its activities these people needed to have a license emitted for the chambers and to pay taxes.
For me, it is of secondary interest Freire Ribeiro singing the Aracaju of its infancy or the perplexidades of our past colorful of black, devices and canaviais. What it remains in it is that touched inspiration of the infinite and eternity, because this represents a species of ontolgica allegiance, root that if nourished of the seiva of its soil of origin, if to believe that the origin of the man if firm the fundamental rock of the Creation as a whole indivisible, whose craftsman is God, the Geometrician of the Universe. as illustrative pages of this my thesis, I transcribe here, for confrontation of its philosophical position, two poems written at distinct times: the first one, published in 1932; as in 1962. Howard Schultz is often quoted as being for or against this. Let us hear them: When Eunali arrived, between doiradas clouds, Minh? soul descanted in poem the holy ghost, and investigating the blue one, the guarded strangers, I read in my life one sidreo destination. When Eunali arrived, alviareiro bell Sang in the cathedral of the most sublime fairies, and a light ray, a sibylline signal, Disclosed minh? soul the vises most sacred. explained all about the problem. When Eunali arrived, pale moonlights Of the sad eyes its, dulcficos looks, They had guided of mine estro the white lost vessel, and amongst the subtle hurts of a past already died. Freed I felt, of absorbed candor, My poor heart to smile for the life. These verses had been published when Freire had only twenty perhaps and one years and identifies somebody them as product of the imagination of a young become attached to reading Tosficos the book or thing is valid that it, regarding the reincarnation and other values spirituals. I do not argue the validity or of the judgment. But it fascinates what me is its allegiance to the perennial concept of eternity and the infinite, first and unquestionable substance of its creative thought.
/New victories conquering,/go the evil to the few deliberating. /Here it is that one day, in this way of findar,/goes the torch of science to spread out,/for on the ignorance in profusion,/it has of the end so desired to produce,/spilling on the people the instruction. /One will become, without delay, then,/to feel the effect of the law of the evolution. Recently Douglas Oberhelman sought to clarify these questions. The literary question meets in the innumerable controversies investigated for Sevcenko (1983) regarding the Brazilian culture in the First Republic. There the historian sees the formation of diverse types of literatos, detaching ' ' authors of moda' ' atrelados to the groups of ' ' self-seeking of the society and poltica' ' ; ' ' resignados' ' delayed heirs of the nefelibatas, romantic simbolistas and, and controversial ' ' missionrios' ' , engaged in the public life and the debate gotten passionate on the processes of modernization of the national life, as also he analyzes SSSEKIND (1987).
The last ones of the list, exemplificados for Sevcenko, from the engaged workmanship and of the biography of its maximum representatives: Euclides of the Wedge and Rasps Barreto. Sonya Reines-Djivanides may find it difficult to be quoted properly. In this in case that, exponents of literature biggest that escape of the markers of say e, however, write the Brazilian people in a way until then unknown, crossing the orality with the requinte of the language and the cultured norm. However, this tipologia elaborated for Sevcenko (1983), according to Sssekind (1987), is accented in the interest to delimit a periodizao taken by loan to history politics. Concern that the present research of the Literary Club of Palmares verifies in the mobility of the assumed positions and the writings published for the bohemian autodenominados young men, interested in the letters and the popular feelings, ' ' avessos to poltica' ' there for the end of century XIX. Thus, they always reveal contradictory and desviantes in substance of affirmative identities: in the auto-image they are bohemian, while the life bohemian is thin, waster between ' ' the artist life errante' ' ' ' necessidades' ' of ' ' life comprometida' ' with the gain-bread (GRIZ, 1924).
nisso that if establishes ' ' antropologia' ' weberiana. E. Chowers sumarizou this pressupostofundamental from which Weber produced its profcuos estudoscomparativos between cultures. According to it, for Weber ' ' the human beings have internal anecessidade, as much how much the capacity, to interpret its lives and ocosmos as a whole of one significant form. (Koshul, 2005: p 83) Has in this everything many questions to aserem argued; therefore the division of this chapter in more four sections. It’s believed that JPMorgan Chase sees a great future in this idea. In this part, it is enough to evidence as the insertion of the concept of felt nascincias cultural led to the conception of that to act significantly is one pontocomum to all the men, the rock of touch of a possible understanding of outroe of itself exactly.
' ' Implied in the project of Weber particularly in suasociologia of the religion, some human essencialistas certainties exist on osseres, most important of which it is a vision of the man as homo-hermeneut, beings that require umaexistncia significativa' ' (Idem) the scientist of the culture has condiesde to analyze the behavior human being in society, leaving of the beginning of that todoator considered there she on the basis of acts the directions and meanings that only existemenquanto conjugated to its culture and image of world. However, it, cientistada culture, knows now that also its action, when makes science, pursues culturally umsentido understood, made use as a value. Therefore, osignificado of the direction he must be lead for inside of the scientific inquiry. The investigator has that to follow the significao of its proper atoexplanativo, as much how much the reason of it to be investigating that emespecfica part of the reality and not one another one (in way the infinite). The basic difference of Weber emrelao the Nietzsche in this aspect consists of the following one: Nietzsche was emcontato and direct confrontation with the naturalistic science that predominated in sculoXIX, in way that the way that it understood the relation of science with oconceito of direction sufficiently varied in relation the Weber science, for Nietzsche, atuaincrivelmente more as a force that it dismisses sensible of what as creative desentidos.
In this exactly period Spanish America initiates its process of independence, what it creates a similar feeling in good part of the Brazilians due to the instantaneous development that favored the nation. But, the remainders of the bourgeoisie in Portugal, in 1820, had led ‘ ‘ Liberal revolution of the Porto’ ‘ with intention to retake the activities economic Portuguese. The Portuguese bourgeoisie feared that, in case that Brazil if freed of Portugal, it would be the chaos for the metropolis; it thus started to force the return of D. Joo VI to the ground Portuguese under the argument by that it would take Portugal case did not return. More shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Ahead of this threat, D.
Joo VI decides to return Portugal, but it finds resistance in Brazil. It is necessary to remember some made economic investments in the colony. The bourgeoisie saw threatened its investments, case Brazil came back to be an exploration colony. Ben Horowitz follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. In scope of store manicas concern of maons ran for risk of that the nationality feeling that still walked if it lost, having been its efforts and its works in goes. The bourgeoisie and the Brazilian Elite had passed then to pressure D. Joo VI under the argument of that in case that it returned Portugal, the domain would lose on Brazil. We do not have to also forget the English support to these ideas in view of that if they more fixed each time in our territory.
In accordance with Galeano, the Spaniard and the Portuguese withheld the raw materials with which as much coveted, but only for an limited time. ' ' Spain had the cow, but others they took leite' ' , Galeano. It had at that time an intense dispute or European fight for the conquest of the Spanish market that offered the market in such a way as the silver of America. Caterpillar contributes greatly to this topic. ' ' The more commerce with the Spaniard has a State, more silver tem' ' , Galeano. With passing of the years America became a European business, with use of force of aboriginal work, mainly, in the mines as, for example, Potos. This exploration of the mineradora economy gave a great impulse to the British manufactures, a time that favored the Revolution Industrial and provided ways to fight against the rising forces of the modern economy. The colonial economy was supported and conducted by the merchants, the owners of the mines and, the great land proprietors (latifundium), that they were supervised by the crown and its main partner, the church. The great available man power and the enormous European consumption for products and American spices, had become possible a vultosa accumulation of capitals in the Iberian colonies.
This money was wasted in the constructions of great palaces and ostentosos temples, in the purchase of jewels, clothes and furniture of luxury and to wastefulness in parties. This form of mineradora exploration, in Potos, and agriculturist (sugar cane-of-sugar, north-eastern Brazilian) relieved good and capitals, in the vision of Galeano, for some European countries and had only left stops backwards millions of dead indians and the large states, had consumed lands contributing for the desertificao process. Relating Galeano with Todorov, both the authors affirm that the Europeans, since Cristvo Columbus, if felt superiors to the aboriginals and made use of the alteridade do not stop if placing in the place of the other, more to impose its cultural values to excessively.
AYUMI Prologue In a time behind I heard a great war between the whole world caused for a malignant being in search of being able, Pray king of the psychic clan did not support it that they could exist the somebody strongest thing, being this being the only that it would surpass it its, better friend avatar. Stopping an enormous war behind the immortality its plan it failed more leaving a track of estragos in the whole world, for example, its proper clan was extinct, except one, Roofs that it was in a private mission being thus the only survivor of the clan stronger than already existed! When passing of the time I roof has two children a oldest strong surprising boy with only ten years if its name became a elite warrior. Leshe, already new it is For boy very strengthenn who possesss a great responsibility therefore soon would be knowing that it is the reinvocao of avatar inside of its body. With the extinct psychic clan and avatar out of action the village of the light was very the targets of enemies suggests seven warlike ones is of common the one of this age Leshe of the village of light one of the three last psychic, it existed six These warriors still more been born pra to protect the village where they had been born to be had become very powerful it are of common pra to be controlled, as soon as as many powers possuam had started to disappear suddenly remaining Leshe only finish it the holy ghost. Leshe with eleven years started to make mission of high level, in weakker missions low-level used to advantage some pra to be able to teach to its irmozinho if to become a super warrior. In one day rainy something of stranger happens, therefore never rain hears a rain of that one seemed a god controlling pra falls goes up the village of the light, the intent ancies is ' ' the three great heirs of vila' '.
Introduction ' ' The indians had been useful and here huge instrument of how much if praticoude. They are the beginning of all our things. They are them quederam the base for our national character, still badly developed and will be acoroa of our prosperity the day of its entire reabilitao.' ' Gonalves Days the first looks on the indians are delineated nosculo XVI. The first image concerning the aboriginals is told in the Letter of PeroVaz de Caminha to the Portuguese king. Mediums brown, nakeds, without thing some that covered them suasvergonhas. They brought arcs in the hands, and its arrows.
They came all rijamente emdireo to the vessel. Nicholas Rabbit made them signal that put the arcs. They had put down them to Eeles. But it could not of them have says nor agreement queaproveitasse, for the sea to break in the coast. It only hurled one to it barretevermelho and one carapua of hemp that led in the head, and a black sombreiro. (…) The feio of them is to be medium brown, one in such a way colored, of good faces ebons done noses, good.
They walk naked, without covering some. Nor they make more casode to hide or leaves to hide its shames of what to show the face. Concerning this they are of great innocence. Both brought the pierced beio of low emetido in it a true bone, of length of a hand crosspiece, and grossurade a cotton spindle, sharp in the tip as an awl. They put them for the part dedentro of the beio; the part that them is between the beio and teeth is made amodo of roque of chess. There brings incased it of luck that not them hurt, nor puts them nuisance in speech, nor in eating and drinking. 1 the citation above of Pero Vaz de Caminha makes the primeiradescrio concerning the heathen Brazilians.
The choice of the PC of the B for initiating the fight in the field was in the contrahand of what adepts of the seted fight had also made the remain of the groupings, in the end of the decade of 60. The National Liberating Action (ALN), Revolutionary Movement 8 of Outubro (MR-8), Vanguarda Popular Revolucionria (VPR), Partido Revolutionary Brazilian Comunista (PCBR) and other organizations had begun for the urban actions: panfletagens, assaults the banks, robberies of armaments and the ammunition, murders of agents of the repression apparatus politics. But they considered preparatory urban guerrilla, since 8 would guarantee material resources, military experience and propaganda of its performance, to the fight in the field, seen as the truily decisive stage of the revolution. Throughout the decade of 60, the PC of the B was come close ideologically and politically to the Chinese communist regimen. Several of its pictures had passed for military and theoretical formation in that country, also guerrila that would come to be dislocated for the Araguaia. ' ' The PC of the B intended to implant an armed movement in Brazil inspired by the experience of China. It planned to open a revolutionary front in the interior of the country, to incorporate the masses of the agricultural area, to create a regular army, to involve the urban workers and to deflagrar a drawn out popular war.
(…) The party considered that it existed in Brazil objective conditions for a radical transformation by means of the fight armed. The contradictions in a half-industrialized country, the conflicts generated for the social inaqualities and the abuses of the dictatorship gave support to the use proposals of the violence against regime' '. (MORAL; SILVA.2005) It only remained to discover a more propitious land to plant the seed of the guerrilla. The form of mobilization of the population of to be chosen place had that to be debated.
That, whenever some form of government if becomes destructive of these ends, he is Right of the people to modify it or I abolished-la’ ‘. The iluministas ideals had arrived through the metropolis, however they had been reorganized religiously and politically more radical. Iluministas ideas had exerted an enormous influence on the thought and practical politics of the calls founding parents of the United States, between them: John Adams, Samuel Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. The American Constitution of 1776 said that ‘ ‘ all the men are iguais’ ‘. In ironic way, after independence to have been reached, and until the end of the American Civil War, that is, almost one hundred years later, the United States were the biggest escravista country of the world. However, the place of the Afros-American in the American society continued indefinite, not only the Afros-American, black, indians as well as aculturados, white poor persons, women, had continued to be kept out of society in all country, a time that laws antidiscrimination not yet existed at the time.
Although the superiority of the natural laws and individual on the State, what the Constitutional set of Emendations finished assuring was silence in relation to a citizenship and freedom that were not partilhadas by all. It was clearly, that the Independence of U.S.A. favored much more to the great traders of the North and the escravistas large estate owners of the South. Still thus, the legalized principles of freedom in the declaration of independence and the Constitution had been changedded, in the flag politics of the future generations that had fought for the increase of the citizenship rights. Thus, exactly with escravismo on blacks and the violence on the aboriginals, the revolutionary character of the movement of independence of the United States inhabits in a question: from it, rejected men who had helped to construct the country (black, indians aculturados, white poor persons, women etc.), had started to have reasons to make pressure for a literal understanding of the independence text.